Georgia’s ancient and vibrant capital city spreads out on both banks of the Mtkvari River, and is
surrounded on three sides by mountains. The most widely accepted variant of the legend of Tbilisi’s
founding says that in the mid-5th century AD, King Vakhtang I Gorgasali was hunting in the heavily
wooded region with a falcon. The King’s falcon allegedly caught or injured a pheasant during the hunt,
after which both birds fell into a nearby hot spring and died from burns. King Vakhtang became so
impressed with the hot springs that he decided to cut down the forest and build a city. The name Tbilisi
derives from the Old Georgian word “tbili“, meaning warm. Archaeological studies of the region indicate
human settlement in the area early as the 4th millennium BC.
Georgia is located on the crossroad of Europe and Asia. It lays at the eastern end of the Black Sea, with
Turkey and Armenia to the south, Azerbaijan to the east, and Russia to the north, over the Caucasus
Mountains. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi. Georgia’s total territory covers 69,700 square
Population in Georgia is almost 5 million. Official language is Georgian. Country is unitary semi-
presidential republic. Georgian currency is Georgian Lari ( ) (GEL). The native name of Georgia is
The climate of Georgia is extremely diverse, considering the nation’s small size. The highest mountain in
Georgia is Mount Shkhara at 5,068 meters.
A large majority of Georgia’s population (83.9% in 2002) practices Orthodox Christianity.
Largest cities and towns of Georgia are : Tbilisi; Kutaisi; Batumi; Rustavi; Zugdidi; Gori; Poti; Khashuri;
10 Facts about Georgia