Tbilisi Open Teaching University (TOU) was founded in 2002 by the initiative of Georgian and foreign scientists and state public servants. It was named Customs Academy of Georgia. The aim of the founders was to implement higher education programs that would enable graduates to make successful career in public and private sectors in Georgia and abroad.

During years institution has been rebranding and was changing its name. In 2012 in result of rebranding Customs Academy of Georgia was named as Tbilisi Open Teaching University. Changes have been made in university structure, the number of faculties enhanced, new academic programs launched integration of English language in the study process started and study process of foreign languages strengthened.